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T0830 Bithionol Bithionol, formerly marketed as an active ingredient in various topical drug products, was shown to be a potent photosensitizer with the potential to cause serious skin disorders.
T2244 ESI09 ESI-09 is a new-typel noncyclic nucleotide EPAC antagonist.The IC50 values of ESI-09 for EPAC1 and EPAC2 is3.2 and 1.4 μM, respectively.
T6536 HJC0350 HJC0350 is an effective and specific EPAC2 inhibitor (IC50: 0.3 μM), and no inhibition of Epac1.
TN1266 3-O-Methylquercetin 3-O-Methylquercetin is a selective and competitive PDE3/PDE4 inhibitor, and inhibits PDE3 than PDE4 with a low K(m) value; it inhibits total cAMP- and cGMP-phosphodiesterase (PDE)
TN1334 7-O-Methylrosmanol 7-O-methylrosmanol can effectively suppress FSK-induced luciferase expression under the control of the CRE, PEPCK-C and G6Pase gene promoters, it may contribute to its antihypergly
TN1504 Citreorosein Citreorosein is a cAMP phosphodiesterase inhibitor, it has anti-inflammatory effect, inhibits proinflammatory cytokines production through the inhibition of both MAPKs and AKT-medi
TN1841 Kushenol A Kushenol A is a kind of Adenosine 3', 5'-cyclic monophosphate(cAMP)phosphodiesterase inhibitiors, it shows selective alpha-glucosidase inhibitory activity. Kushenol A and kushenol
TN2092 Polygalasaponin XXXI Onjisaponin F(Polygalasaponin XXXI) acts non-competitively against cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase, like papaverine; it also exhibits a prolongation effect on hexobarbital sleeping ti
TN2230 Soyasaponin Ba Soyasaponins(Aa, Ab, Af, Ba, Bb, and Bb') together with their derivatives may represent viable candidates for effective vaccine adjuvants due to their higher and lower or non-haemo
TN1620 Eriocalyxin B Eriocalyxin B induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells through caspase- and p53-dependent pathways, should be considered a candidate for pancreati
TN1027 beta-Amyrin beta-Amyrin has antiviral, hepatoprotective, antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, it retard acute inflammation in rat model of periodontitis.
TN1121 Evocarpine Evocarpine shows antimycobacterial, and vasorelaxant effects, it can inhibit Ca2+ influx through voltage-dependent calcium channels.
TN1420 Bacopaside I Bacopaside I is a modulator of Aquaporin-1 channel, has neuroprotective functions, it has anti-Alzheimer's disease, it ameliorates cognitive impairment in APP/PS1 mice via immune-m
TN2039 Panaxydol Panaxydol has anti-cancer activity, can inhibit the growth and apoptosis of cancer cells, the signaling mechanisms involve a [Ca(2+)](i) increase, JNK and p38 MAPK activation, cAMP
T12616L CE3F4 CE3F4 is a selective antagonist of exchange protein directly activated by cAMP (Epac1) (IC50s: 10.7 μM and 66 μM for Epac1 and Epac2(B)).
T15247 ESI-05 ESI-05 is a specific EPAC2 (exchange protein directly activated by cAMP 2) antagonist (IC50: 0.4 µM). ESI-05 inhibits cAMP-mediated activation of EPAC2, as well as EAPC2, mediated
T11234 ESI-08  ESI-08 selectively blocks cAMP-induced EPAC activation, but does not inhibit cAMP-mediated PKA activation. ESI-08 is a potent and selective EPAC antagonist, which can completely
T7190 Actein Actein has a stimulatory effect on osteoblastic bone formation or has potential activity against osteoporosis, it also can prevent oxidative damage to osteoblasts in osteoporotic p
TN2918 3-Acetoxy-8(17),13E-labdadien-15-oic acid ent-3-Acetoxy-labda-8(17),13-dien-15-oic acid have vasorelaxant and hypotensive actions, the mechanisms underlying the cardiovascular actions of the labdane involve the activation
TN3013 4,5-Dimethoxycanthin-6-one 4,5-Dimethoxycanthin-6-one has antibacterial actiyity, it exhibits inhibition against Staphylococcus aureus and its drug-resistant strains. 4,5-Dimethoxycanthin-6-one has a strong
TN3379 Allocryptopine Allocryptopine has certain effects on anti-injury for hepatocyte, ameliorating liver function, and prohibiting hepatic fibrosis; it increases mRNA levels of cytochromes P450 1A in
TN3466 Atherosperminine Atherosperminine shows cholinesterase inhibitory activity against acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE). Atherosperminine shows strong anti-plasmodial activi
TN3607 Catalpalactone Catalpalactone exhibits high antitermitic, and cytotoxic activities, it exhibits potent inhibitory effects on lipopolysaccharide-induced NO synthesis in RAW 264.7 cells , with IC50
TMA2419 Catalponol Catalponol can enhance dopamine biosynthesis by inducing TH activity and protect against L-DOPA-induced cytotoxicity in PC12 cells, which was mediated by the increased levels of cy
TN3882 Dodoviscin A Dodoviscin A may be a new promising pigmentation-altering agent for cosmetic and therapeutic applications, it can inhibit melanin biosynthesis induced by 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthin
TN4051 Fargesone B Fargesone B inhibits the vascular smooth muscle contraction by suppressing the voltage- and receptor-activated calcium influxes in a nonselective manner.
TN4178 Gyrophoric acid Vulpinic and gyrophoric acids are known as ultraviolet filters for natural lichen populations, they can effectively prevent cytotoxic, apoptotic and cytoskeleton alterative activit
TN4277 Isocupressic acid Isocupressic acid induces abortion in pregnant cows when ingested primarily during the last trimester, it decrease affects the angiogenesis of the female reproductive system, the d
TN4317 Isopedicin Isopedicin has anti-inflammatory functions, it inhibits the O(2)(*)(-) production in human neutrophils by an elevation of cellular cAMP and activation of PKA through its inhibition
TN4433 Licoarylcoumarin Licoarylcoumarin is a strong inhibitor of adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) phosphodiesterase. Licoarylcoumarin has antibacterial effects on the VRE strains; it has anti-
TN4489 Manassantin A Manassantin A is a high potent HIF-1 inhibitor, it protects the gastric mucosa from ethanol-induced acute gastric injury, and suggest that these protective effects might be associa
TN4551 Methyl orsellinate Methyl orsellinate is a phytotoxic compound, it exhibits antifungal activity, it can cause significant inhibition of radicle growth of Amaranthus hypochondriacus and Echinochloa cr
TMA1122 Moschamine Moschamine is a very potent compound that is able to inhibit COX-I by 58% and COX-II by 54%, at the concentration of 0.1 μmol L⁻1, it may suppress cAMP formation via binding
TMA1944 Protopine hydrochloride Protopine has antiplatelet effects,which is due to inhibition on thromboxane formation and phosphoinositides breakdown and then lead to the decrease of intracellular calcium concen
TMA0003 Trans-caffeic acid Trans-caffeic acid stearyl ester is posited to inhibit melanogenesis signaling while suppressing cAMP levels and, subsequently, MC1R, MITF, tyrosinase, TRP-2 and TRP-1 down-regulat
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