||Bithionol, formerly marketed as an active ingredient in various topical drug products, was shown to be a potent photosensitizer with the potential to cause serious skin disorders.
||ESI-08 selectively blocks cAMP-induced EPAC activation, but does not inhibit cAMP-mediated PKA activation. ESI-08 is a potent and selective EPAC antagonist, which can completely i
||CE3F4 is a selective antagonist of exchange protein directly activated by cAMP (Epac1) (IC50s: 10.7 μM and 66 μM for Epac1 and Epac2(B)).
||ESI-05 is a specific EPAC2 (exchange protein directly activated by cAMP 2) antagonist (IC50: 0.4 µM). ESI-05 inhibits cAMP-mediated activation of EPAC2, as well as EAPC2, mediated
||ESI-09 is a new-typel noncyclic nucleotide EPAC antagonist.The IC50 values of ESI-09 for EPAC1 and EPAC2 is 3.2 and 1.4 μM, respectively.
||HJC0350 is an effective and specific EPAC2 inhibitor (IC50: 0.3 μM), and no inhibition of Epac1.
||Actein has a stimulatory effect on osteoblastic bone formation or has potential activity against osteoporosis, it also can prevent oxidative damage to osteoblasts in osteoporotic p
||Trans-caffeic acid stearyl ester is posited to inhibit melanogenesis signaling while suppressing cAMP levels and, subsequently, MC1R, MITF, tyrosinase, TRP-2 and TRP-1 down-regulat
||Moschamine is a very potent compound that is able to inhibit COX-I by 58% and COX-II by 54%, at the concentration of 0.1 μmol L⁻1, it may suppress cAMP formation via binding
||Protopine has antiplatelet effects,which is due to inhibition on thromboxane formation and phosphoinositides breakdown and then lead to the decrease of intracellular calcium concen
||Catalponol can enhance dopamine biosynthesis by inducing TH activity and protect against L-DOPA-induced cytotoxicity in PC12 cells, which was mediated by the increased levels of cy
||beta-Amyrin has antiviral, hepatoprotective, antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, it retard acute inflammation in rat model of periodontitis.
||Evocarpine shows antimycobacterial, and vasorelaxant effects, it can inhibit Ca2+ influx through voltage-dependent calcium channels.
||3-O-Methylquercetin is a selective and competitive PDE3/PDE4 inhibitor, and inhibits PDE3 than PDE4 with a low K(m) value; it inhibits total cAMP- and cGMP-phosphodiesterase (PDE)
||7-O-Methylrosmanol can effectively suppress FSK-induced luciferase expression under the control of the CRE, PEPCK-C and G6Pase gene promoters, it may contribute to its antihypergly
||Bacopaside I is a modulator of Aquaporin-1 channel, has neuroprotective functions, it has anti-Alzheimer's disease, it ameliorates cognitive impairment in APP/PS1 mice via immune-m
||Citreorosein is a cAMP phosphodiesterase inhibitor, it has anti-inflammatory effect, inhibits proinflammatory cytokines production through the inhibition of both MAPKs and AKT-medi
||Eriocalyxin B induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells through caspase- and p53-dependent pathways, should be considered a candidate for pancreati
||Kushenol A is a kind of Adenosine 3', 5'-cyclic monophosphate(cAMP)phosphodiesterase inhibitiors, it shows selective alpha-glucosidase inhibitory activity. Kushenol A and kushenol
||Panaxydol has anti-cancer activity, can inhibit the growth and apoptosis of cancer cells, the signaling mechanisms involve a [Ca(2+)](i) increase, JNK and p38 MAPK activation, cAMP
||Onjisaponin F(Polygalasaponin XXXI) acts non-competitively against cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase, like papaverine; it also exhibits a prolongation effect on hexobarbital sleeping ti
||Soyasaponin Ba may represent viable candidates for effective vaccine adjuvants due to their higher and lower or non-haemolytic effects.Soyasaponins Ab and Bb prevent scopolamine-in
||ent-3-Acetoxy-labda-8(17),13-dien-15-oic acid have vasorelaxant and hypotensive actions, the mechanisms underlying the cardiovascular actions of the labdane involve the activation
||4,5-Dimethoxycanthin-6-one has antibacterial actiyity, it exhibits inhibition against Staphylococcus aureus and its drug-resistant strains. 4,5-Dimethoxycanthin-6-one has a strong
||Allocryptopine has certain effects on anti-injury for hepatocyte, ameliorating liver function, and prohibiting hepatic fibrosis; it increases mRNA levels of cytochromes P450 1A in
||Atherosperminine shows cholinesterase inhibitory activity against acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE). Atherosperminine shows strong anti-plasmodial activi
||Catalpalactone exhibits high antitermitic, and cytotoxic activities, it exhibits potent inhibitory effects on lipopolysaccharide-induced NO synthesis in RAW 264.7 cells , with IC50
||Dodoviscin A may be a new promising pigmentation-altering agent for cosmetic and therapeutic applications, it can inhibit melanin biosynthesis induced by 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthin
||Fargesone B inhibits the vascular smooth muscle contraction by suppressing the voltage- and receptor-activated calcium influxes in a nonselective manner.
||Vulpinic and gyrophoric acids are known as ultraviolet filters for natural lichen populations, they can effectively prevent cytotoxic, apoptotic and cytoskeleton alterative activit
||Isocupressic acid induces abortion in pregnant cows when ingested primarily during the last trimester, it decrease affects the angiogenesis of the female reproductive system, the d
||Isopedicin has anti-inflammatory functions, it inhibits the O(2)(*)(-) production in human neutrophils by an elevation of cellular cAMP and activation of PKA through its inhibition
||Licoarylcoumarin is a strong inhibitor of adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) phosphodiesterase. Licoarylcoumarin has antibacterial effects on the VRE strains; it has anti-
||Manassantin A is a high potent HIF-1 inhibitor, it protects the gastric mucosa from ethanol-induced acute gastric injury, and suggest that these protective effects might be associa
||Methyl orsellinate is a phytotoxic compound, it exhibits antifungal activity, it can cause significant inhibition of radicle growth of Amaranthus hypochondriacus and Echinochloa cr