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P450
T0179 Ticagrelor Ticagrelor, produced by AstraZeneca, is an inhibitor of platelet aggregation. Unlike clopidogrel, ticagrelor is not a prodrug required metabolic activation. The drug was approved f
T0595 Naringin Naringin, a flavanone glycoside, exerts various of pharmacological effects such as blood lipid lowering, antioxidant activity, anticancer activity, and inhibition of cytochrome P45
T0660 Beta-Tetralone Beta-Tetralone is a ketone derivative of tetralin.
T0679 Ketoconazole Ketoconazole, a CYP3A4 inhibitor, is an imidazole anti-fungal agent.
T0792 (-)-Sparteine sulfate pentahydrate Sparteine sulfate pentahydrate is a class 1a antiarrhythmic agent and a sodium channel blocker. It can chelate the bivalents calcium and magnesium.
T0920 Ambroxol Ambroxol is a secretolytic agent used in the treatment of respiratory diseases associated with viscid or excessive mucus. It is the active ingredient of Mucosolvan, Lasolvan or Muc
T1011 Itraconazole Itraconazole is a triazole antifungal agent that inhibits cytochrome P-450-dependent enzymes required for ERGOSTEROL synthesis.
T1149 Fenofibrate Fenofibrate is a peroxisome proliferator receptor alpha agonist. Fenofibrate is a synthetic phenoxy-isobutyric acid derivate and prodrug with antihyperlipidemic activity.
T1187 Bifonazole Bifonazole acts to destabilize the fungal cytochrome p450 51 enzyme (also known as Lanosterol 14-alpha-demethylase). It works by inhibiting the production of a substance called erg
T1274 Benzbromarone Benzbromarone is a CYP2C9 inhibitor with Ki value of 19.3 nM.
T1597 Proadifen hydrochloride Proadifen hydrochloride is an inhibitor of drug metabolism and cytochrome P-450 enzyme system activity.
T1704 Diosmetin Diosmetin has been found to act as a weak TrkB receptor agonist.
T2143 Bergapten Bergapten, a psoralen, inhibits cell replication.
T2175 Apigenin Chamomile is an aromatic oil extracted from the flowers or leaves of the daisy-like plants. Extracts, oils and teas made from chamomile are used for its soothing qualities as a sed
T2532 Tauroursodeoxycholic Acid Tauroursodeoxycholic acid is the more hydrophilic form of ursodeoxycholic acid, which is the more abundant naturally produced bile acid in humans. Tauroursodeoxycholic acid, on the
T2753 Avasimibe Avasimibe is an orally bioavailable inhibitor of acyl-Coenzyme A: cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT, IC50: 3.3 μM) that prevents cholesterol deposition in the arterial wall. It al
T2838 Naringenin Naringenin is a flavanone that is considered to have a bioactive effect on human health as antioxidant, free radical scavenger, antiinflammatory, carbohydrate metabolism promoter,
T2944 Sodium Danshensu Danshensu (sodium salt) is sodium salt of danshensu from the widely used Chinese herb Danshen. It can inhibited phenylephrine- and CaCl2-induced vasoconstriction in Ca2+-free mediu
T2949 Alizarin Alizarin, a red dye derived from the roots of plants of the madder genus, inhibits P450 isoform CYP1A1( IC50 = 6.2 μM), CYP1A2 (IC50 =10.0 μM )and CYP1B1(IC50 = 2.7 μM).
T3355 Naloxegol oxalate Naloxegol oxalate is a peripherally-selective opioid antagonist for the treatment of opioid-induced constipation.
T3401 Ginsenoside F1 Ginsenoside F1 is an enzymatically modified derivative of ginsenoside Rg1, showing competitive inhibition of the activity of CYP3A4 and a weaker inhibition of the activity of CYP2D
T3411 Curdione Curdione inhibits CYP3A4 activity and the production of prostaglandin E2. Curdione inhibits proliferation of MCF-7 cells by inducing apoptosis. Curdione may be a candidate for anti
T3417 Amentoflavone Amentoflavone, as a potent inhibitor of CYP3A4 and CYP2C9, can interact with many other medications. CYP3A4 and CYP2C9 are proteins used for drug metabolism in the body. Amentoflav
T3585 TMS TMS is a very selective and potent competitive inhibitor of P450 1B1 (CYP1A1).
T3669 Curcumenol Curcumenol, one of the major components of Zedoary turmeric oil, is an antibiotic drug which has anti-Y, anti-inflammation activity. Curcumenol may be safely used without inducing
T3698 alpha-Asarone Alpha-Asarone is a psychoactive compound with antidepressant-like activity in mice.
T3776 Rhapontigenin Rhapontigenin is a mechanism-based, selective inactivator of cytochrome P450 1A1 (IC50: 400 nM), an aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase which activates polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons th
T3797 Isosilybin Isosilybin and Silybin might be suitable candidates to design potent PXR antagonists to prevent drug-drug interactions via CYP3A4 in cancer patients.
T3886 Rosavin Rosavin has antidepressant and anxiolytic actions, helps balance all the neurotransmitters.
T4188 SDZ285-428 NVP-VID-400 (SDZ285-428) is a CYP24A1 inhibitor.
T6030 XL388 XL388 is a highly effective, specifc, ATP-competitive inhibitor of mTOR ( IC50: 9.9 nM), 1000-fold selectivity than the closely related PI3K kinases.
T6050 TAK-700 TAK-700 (Orteronel) is a potent and highly selective human 17, 20-lyase inhibitor with IC50 of 38 nM, exhibits >1000-fold selectivity over other CYPs (e.g. 11-hydroxylase and CYP3A
T6051 (S)-Orteronel Orteronel(TAK-700) was selected as a candidate for clinical evaluation. orteronel (TAK-700) is currently in phase III clinical trials for the treatment of castration-resistant pros
T6215 Abiraterone Acetate Abiraterone acetate is an androstene derivative that inhibits STEROID 17-ALPHA-HYDROXYLASE and is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT in the treatment of metastatic castration-resistan
T6216 Abiraterone Abiraterone (CB-7598) is an effective steroidal cytochrome P450 17alpha-hydroxylase-17, 20-lyase (CYP17) inhibitor (IC50: 4 nM).
T6246 Cobicistat Cobicistat is a carbamate and thiazole derivative that functions as a CYTOCHROME P450 CYP3A INHIBITOR to enhance the concentration of ANTI-HIV AGENTS, with which it is used in comb
T6509 Galeterone Galeterone is an orally bioavailable small-molecule androgen receptor modulator and CYP17 lyase inhibitor with potential antiandrogen activity. Galeterone exhibits three distinct m
T2S0663 Humantenmine 1. Humantenmine is a toxic compound isolated from Gelsemium elegans Benth . 2. Humantenmine and koumine may inhibit several CYP450 enzyme activities.
T5S2360 Corydaline 1. Corydaline, an isoquinoline alkaloid, is one of the major active constituents in a new prokinetic botanical agent. 2. Corydaline promotes gastric emptying and small intestinal t
T6S1894 Linderane 1. Linderane was characterized as a mechanism-based inactivator of CYP2C9.
T4498 Stiripentol Stiripentol (STP) is an anticonvulsant agent, which can inhibit N-demethylation of CLB to NCLB mediated by CYP3A4 (noncompetitively) and CYP2C19 (competitively) with Ki of 1.59/0.5
T4567 Sulfaphenazole Sulfaphenazole is an inhibitor of CYP2C9 (Ki: 0.3 μM) that demonstrates at least 100-fold selectivity over other CYP450 isoforms (Ki: 63/29 μM for CYP2C8/CYP2C18, respectively, a
T7088 Difubenzuron Diflubenzuron is a benzoyl-urea insecticide, found to be a potent inhibitor of melanosome synthesis in mouse melanoma cells. Diflubenzuron has also been shown to inhibit TCDD-induc
T3768 Epifriedelanol Epifriedelanol suppresses adriamycin-induced cellular senescence, replicative senescence in human fibroblasts (HDFs) and HUVECs. Because of Epifriedelanol can reduce cellular senes
T4S0800 Demethyleneberberine Demethyleneberberine, which is composed of a potential antioxidant structure, could penetrate the membrane of mitochondria and accumulate in mitochondria either in vitro or in vivo
T2945 Germacrone Germacrone, a major active component found in Curcuma zedoaria oil product, shows anti-inflammatory, antiandrogenic, and antivirus activities. It also inhibits the proliferation of
T0603 Phthalic Acid Monooctyl Ester Phthalic acid mono-2-ethylhexyl ester (MEHP) is a major bioactive metabolite of diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), which inhibits the 17, 20 lyase activity of CYP17.
T6S0630 Hypaconitine Hypaconitine, an active and highly toxic constituent derived from Aconitum species, has anti-inflammatory activity, is widely used to treat rheumatism.
T5594 Cedrol Cedrol is a cedrane sesquiterpenoid and a tertiary alcohol,Cedrol inhibits the cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoforms CYP2B6 and CYP3A4 (Kis = 0.9 and 3.4 μM, respectively)
T5786 TETRAHYDROPIPERINE TETRAHYDROPIPERINE is a natural product derived from piperine, can be used to treat convulsion, epilepsy, relieve pain, and control insects.
T5715 FLAVOKAVAIN A(P) FLAVOKAVAIN A(P), a novel chalcone from kava extract, induces apoptosis in bladder cancer cells by involvement of Bax protein-dependent and mitochondria-dependent apoptotic pathway
T5953 1-Aminobenzotriazole 1-Aminobenzotriazole (ABT) is a non-specific cytochrome P450 (CYP) inhibitor.
T7427 1-Ethynylnaphthalene 1-Ethynylnaphthalene is a selective inhibitor of cytochrome P450 IB1
T7370 Talarozole Talarozole is an oral systemic all-trans retinoic acid metabolism blocking agent (RAMBA). Talarozole inhibits both CYP26A1 and CYP26B1 with IC50s of 5.4 and 0.46 nM, respectively.T
T7410 Furafylline Furafylline is a selective inhibitor of human cytochrome P450 (CYP)1A2 (IC50 : 0.07 µM),
T7472 7-Hydroxyflavone 7-Hydroxyflavone is a potent inhibitor of CYP1A1 with a Ki value of 0.015 μM and exhibits 6-fold greater selectivity for CYP1A1 over CYP1A2.with anti-inflammatory activity
T7618 Pyributicarb Pyributicarb is a potent activator of both CYP3A4 gene and human pregnane X receptor (hPXR).
TQ0109 (-)-Cephaeline dihydrochloride (-)-Cephaeline (dihydrochloride) is an enantiomer of Cephaeline. Cephaeline is a selective CYP2D6 inhibitor (IC50: 121 μM).
TQ0191 Dihydromethysticin Dihydromethysticin is one kavalactone found in Piper methysticum. It has marked activity on the induction of CYP3A23.
TQ0276 Methysticin Methysticin, a major kavalactone extracted from kava, can induce CYP1A1.
TQ0296 N-Nornuciferine N-Nornuciferine, an aporphine alkaloid in lotus leaf, significantly inhibits CYP2D6 (IC50: 3.76 μM, Ki: 2.34 μM).
TQ0217 Gomisin G Gomisin G is a natural compound and exhibits potent anti-HIV activity (EC50: 0.006 μg/mL; therapeutic index: 300). It is a good substrate of CYP2C9.
T1443 Memantine hydrochloride Memantine hydrochloride is an AMANTADINE derivative that has some dopaminergic effects. Memantine hydrochloride has been proposed as an antiparkinson agent.
T5S0669 Bergamotine 1. Bergamotine can significantly reduce blood glucose and increase glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in KK-A<sup>y</sup>diabetic mice.
T1415 Gemfibrozil Gemfibrozil interacts with peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARalpha) resulting in PPARalpha-mediated stimulation of fatty acid oxidation and an increase in lipoprotei
T2946 Tanshinone IIA sulfonate sodium Sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS) is a water-soluble derivative of tanshinone IIA extracted from Savia miltiorrhiza; a potent negative allosteric modulator of the human puriner
T3736 Olivetol Olivetol (5-pentylresorcinol, 5-pentyl-1,3-benzenediol) is an organic compound found in certain species of lichen; it is also a precursor in various syntheses of tetrahydrocannabin
T2S1434 Bergaptol 1. Bergaptol shows very good radical scavenging activity. 2. Bergaptol is a potent inhibitor of debenzylation activity of CYP3A4 enzyme.
T3811 Ginsenoside C-K Ginsenoside C-K is a bacterial metabolite of G-Rb1 exhibiting anti-inflammatory effects by reducing iNOS and COX-2.
T3002 Piperine Piperine (1-Piperoylpiperidine), a alkaloid, has been used in trials studying the treatment of multiple myeloma and deglutition disorders.
T8182 Guan-fu base A Guanfu base A is a potent noncompetitive CYP2D6 inhibitor (Ki: 1.20 μM in HLMs; Ki: 0.37 μM for rCYP2D6). It also inhibits HERG channel current.
T8125 Quinidine sulfate Quinidine sulfate dihydrate is a potent and selective cytochrome P450db  inhibitor
TN1011 Rhodionin Rhodionin and rhodionin can inhibit cytochrome P450 2D6 non-competitively with high specificity which could have implications for interactions with co-administered drugs; they can
TN1078 Seneciphylline Seneciphylline, one of the hepatotoxic pyrolizidine alkaloids, has mutagenic activity in Drosophila and their transfer into rat milk.Seneciphylline can significantly increased the
TN1210 2-Hydroxy-1-Methoxyaporphine 2-Hydroxy-1-Methoxyaporphine can inhibit CYP2D6 activity, it also increase the glucose consumption significantly as rosiglitazone.
TN1378 alpha-Viniferin Alpha-viniferin is a prostaglandin H2 synthase inhibitor, which has anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-arthritis, and anti-tumor activities.
TN1416 Ayanin Ayanin has vasorelaxant activity, it also may have the potential for use in treating allergic asthma.The IC(50) value of Ayanin (quercetin-3,7,4'-O-trimethylether) is 2.2microM for
TN1526 Corydalmine Corydalmine exhibits antibacterial activities against Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus strains.1-Corydalmine significantly inhibits spore germination of al
TN1691 Glabrol Glabrol is a PTP1B inhibitor, it is also a CYP1B1 inhibitor, it shows inhibition of CYP1B1 in live cell assay with the IC50 value of 15uM.
TN1702 Glycycoumarin Glycycoumarin is an estrogen agonist, it shows moderate inhibitory effects against CYP1A2 and CYP2B6.
TN1748 Humantenirine Standard reference
TN1828 Kahweol Kahweol has anticarcinogenic, anti-angiogenic,and anti-inflammatory activities, it can block the LPS-induced activation of NF-kappaB by preventing IkappaB degradation and inhibitin
TN1854 Lasiodin Lasiokaurin has anti-oxidative, and antineoplastic activities, it also shows antibacterial activity, esp. against Sarcina lutea.
TN2147 Retrorsine Retrorsine selectively inhibits hepatocyte proliferation and following liver injury evokes small hepatocyte-like progenitor cells.
TN2179 Saponarin Saponarin shows in vitro and in vivo hepatoprotective and antioxidant activity against CCl4-induced liver damage.
TN1027 beta-Amyrin beta-Amyrin has antiviral, hepatoprotective, antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, it retard acute inflammation in rat model of periodontitis.
TN1343 8-Geranyloxypsoralen 8-Geranyloxypsoralen inhibits α²-secretase (BACE1) activity in non-competitive manner, with the IC(50) values <25.0 μM, it can induce vasorelaxation on rat arterial tissues. 8-G
TN1372 alpha-Amyrin Alpha-Amyrin is trypsin and chymotrypsin inhibitor,it has antineoplastic,it induces proliferation of human keratinocytes.Alpha-Amyrin can as a hepatomodulatory potent to feasibilit
TN1482 Chamaechromone Chamaechromone has anti-HBV and insecticidal activity. The hydroxylation of Chamaechromone is inhibited by α±-naphthoflavone, and predominantly catalyzed by recombinant human cyt
TN2144 Resveratroloside Resveratroloside has cardioprotective effect, it exhibits α±-glucosidase inhibitory activity, it also can inhibit hydroxylation of testosterone by CYP3A4.
T12146 N-Desmethyl Apalutamide N-Desmethyl Apalutamide is a less potent antagonist of the androgen receptor, is an active Apalutamide metabolite.
T10891 CRTH2-IN-1 CRTH2-IN-1 is a selective prostaglandin D2 receptor DP2 (CRTH2) antagonist, a Ramatroban analog, with an IC50 of 6 nM in the human DP2 binding assay.
T10923 CYP17-IN-1 CYP17-IN-1 is an effective oral CYP17 inhibitor that can inhibit CYP17 in rats and humans with IC50 of 15.8 and 20.1 nM.
T11065 DMU2105 DMU2105 is a potent and specific CYP1B1 inhibitor, with IC50s of 10 nM and 742 nM for CYP1B1 and CYP1A1, respectively.
T11066 DMU2139 DMU2139 is a potent and specific CYP1B1 inhibitor with IC50s of 9 nM and 795 nM for CYP1B1 and CYP1A1, respectively.
T10535L BI 653048 phosphate BI 653048 phosphate is a selective and orally active agonist of nonsteroidal glucocorticoid (GC)(IC50 : 55 nM).
T14678 BMS-819881 BMS-819881 is a melaninconcentrating hormone receptor 1 (MCHR1) antagonist, which binds rat MCHR1 with a Ki of 7 nM and it also is selective and potent for CYP3A4 activity with an
T10335 Antihistamine-1 Antihistamine-1 is an H1-antihistamine (Ki: 6.9 nM) with acceptable blood-brain barrier penetration and also an inhibitor of CYP2D6 and hERG channel (IC50s: 5.4 and 0.8 μM).
T10535 BI 653048 BI 653048 is a selective and orally active agonist of nonsteroidal glucocorticoid (IC50: 55 nM). BI 653048 is also an HCV NS3 protease inhibitor.
T10688 Casopitant mesylate Casopitant mesylate (GW679769B) is a selective, brain permeable, and orally active antagonist of neurokinin 1 (NK1) receptor. It is a second in the class of antiemetics.
T16111 ML604086 ML604086 suppresses CCL1 mediated chemotaxis and enhances intracellular Ca2 concentrations. ML604086 is a selective inhibitor of CCR8. It also inhibiting CCL1 binding to CCR8 on ci
T16739 RG-12525 RG-12525 is a PPAR-gamma agonist (IC50: appr 60 nM) and a potent inhibitor of CYP3A4 (Ki: 0.5 µM). RG-12525 is a specific and competitive antagonist of the peptidoleukotrienes, LT
T11964 MCH-1 antagonist 1 MCH-1 antagonist 1 also inhibits CYP3A4 (IC50: 10μM).MCH-1 antagonist 1 is a potent melanin concentrating hormone (MCH-1) antagonist (Ki: 2.6 nM).
T7190 Actein Actein has a stimulatory effect on osteoblastic bone formation or has potential activity against osteoporosis, it also can prevent oxidative damage to osteoblasts in osteoporotic p
T9113 Myristicin Myristicin is a natural product found in spices and umbelliferous plants. Myristicin has anti-cholinergic, antibacterial, and hepatoprotective effects, it also has anti-inflammato
TC0039 Vasicinone Vasicinone may act as a hepatoprotective agent. (±)-Vasicinone has significant antitussive, expectorant, and bronchodilating activities, which can be used to treat respiratory dis
TMA0164 15-Hydroxydehydroabietic acid 15-Hydroxydehydroabietic acid exhibits a promising alpha-glucosidase inhibitory activity, it also shows significant antibacterial activities.
TN2687 2,3',4,6-Tetrahydroxybenzophenone 2,3',4,6-Tetrahydroxybenzophenone possesses significant antioxidant activity.
TN3080 5,6,7-Trimethoxycoumarin 5,6,7-Trimethoxycoumarin shows moderate inhibitory activity against Micrococcus luteus, it also displays an intermediate cytotoxic effects against brine shrimp larvae. 5,6,7-Trimet
TN3147 6',7'-Dihydroxybergamottin 6',7'-Dihydroxybergamottin(DHB), a well-known inhibitor of CYP3A4, the inhibition of CYP3A4 activity by DHB includes the inhibition of POR activity, DHB can inhibit nifedipine oxid
TN3294 8alpha-(2-Methylacryloyloxy)hirsutinolide 13-O-acetate 8alpha-(2-Methylacryloyloxy)hirsutinolide 13-O-acetate shows inhibitory activity toward CYP2A6 and MAO-A and MAO-B enzymes.
TN3300 8alpha-Tigloyloxyhirsutinolide 13-O-acetate 8alpha-Tigloyloxyhirsutinolide 13-O-acetate shows inhibitory activity toward CYP2A6 and MAO-A and MAO-B enzymes. 8alpha-Tigloyloxyhirsutinolide 13-O-acetate has anti-cancer activit
TN3379 Allocryptopine Allocryptopine has certain effects on anti-injury for hepatocyte, ameliorating liver function, and prohibiting hepatic fibrosis; it increases mRNA levels of cytochromes P450 1A in
TN3574 Canadine Canadine has antioxidant activity with low-toxic effect.
TN3627 Chalepensin Chalepensin behaves as an energy transfer inhibitor at low concentration, it inhibits multiple P450s and that epoxidation activity is crucial for the potential drug interaction thr
TN3875 Dipterocarpol Dipterocarpol is a dammarane-type triterpenoid, as are the major bioactive compounds of ginseng. Dipterocarpol A shows moderate acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity with the IC
TN4130 Germacrone 4,5-epoxide (4S,5S)-(+)-Germacrone-4,5-epoxide inhibits certain subtypes of cytochrome P450 (CYP).
TN4277 Isocupressic acid Isocupressic acid induces abortion in pregnant cows when ingested primarily during the last trimester, it decrease affects the angiogenesis of the female reproductive system, the d
TN4424 Lecanoric acid Lecanoric acid shows antioxidant activity with an IC50 value of 79-95 ug/ml, it at 100 ug/ml conc. shows high growth stimulating activity in terms of increased dry matter of biomas
TN4435 Licopyranocoumarin Licopyranocoumarin could as a potent neuroprotective drug via markedly blocked MPP+-induced neuronal PC12D cell death and disappearance of mitochondrial membrane potential, which w
TN4800 Pisatin Pisatin is an isoflavonoid phytoalexin synthesized by pea (Pisum sativum L.).
TN4928 Rutacridone Rutacridone has mutagenicity.
TMA2106 (-)-Sparteine Sparteine is a class 1a antiarrhythmic agent, a sodium channel blocker. The deficient debrisoquine hydroxylation of Sparteine is due to the absence of P-450IID1 protein in the live
TN5278 Zederone Zederone has anti-bacterial activity,it inhibits gram-positive bacteria activity. Zederone induces hepatotoxicity implicated the induction of Cyps, which leads to the formation of
TN1023 Miltirone Miltirone is a CYPs inhibitor, it has been characterized as a low-affinity ligand for central benzodiazepine receptors.
T3941 Choline Fenofibrate Choline Fenofibrate is a choline formulation of fenofibrate, a synthetic phenoxy-isobutyric acid derivate and prodrug with antihyperlipidemic activity.
T2878 Ginsenoside Rd Ginsenoside Rd may have properties that inhibit or prevent the growth of tumors.
T2770 Gentiopicrin Gentiopicroside, a naturally occurring iridoid glycoside, extracted from Gentiana manshurica Kitag, inhibits P450 activity, with an IC50 and a Ki of 61 μM and 22.8 μM for CYP2A6;
T2761 Naringin dihydrochalcone Naringin Dihydrochalcone(Naringin DC) is an inhibitor of CYP enzymes, used as an artificial sweetener.
T8729 DMU2105 DMU2105 is a specific CYP1B1 inhibitor(CYP1B1 and CYP1A1 with IC50 of 10 nM and 742 nM, respectively)
T8728 DMU2139 DMU2139 is a specific CYP1B1 inhibitor (CYP1B1 and CYP1A1 with IC50 of 9 nM and 795 nM, respectively).
T3735 Tetrahydro Curcumin Tetrahydrocurcumin, a major metabolite of curcumin, has strong antioxidant and cardioprotective properties.
TQ0296L N-Nornuciferine hydrochloride N-Nornuciferine is an aporphine alkaloid in lotus leaf, significantly inhibits CYP2D6 (IC50: 3.76 μM, Ki: 2.34 μM).
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