1. Spinosin ameliorated memory impairment induced through AβO, the serotonergic neurotransmitter system, and these effects were regulated, in part, through neuroprotective activity via the anti-inflammatory effects of Spinosin. 2. Spinosin exerts anxiolytic-like effects, and its mechanism of action appears to be modulated by GABAA and 5-HT1A receptors. 3. There was a wide brain regional tissue distribution of Spinosin. The concentrations of Spinosin in corpus striatum and hippocampus were higher than that in other areas.