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Etoposide

产品编号: T0132 别名:

VP-16-213,依托泊苷,VP-16,依托泊甙

Etoposide 通过与拓扑异构酶 II 和 DNA 形成复合物来抑制 DNA 合成 (IC50: 60.3 μM)。
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Etoposide Chemical Structure CAS:33419-42-0
Etoposide inhibits DNA synthesis by forming a complex with topoisomerase II and DNA (IC50: 60.3 μM).
Etoposide inhibits proliferation of a variety of adenocarcinoma cells (IC50s: 0.005-12,200 μM) and HUVEC cells (IC50: 0.249 μM) [2]. Etoposide is capable of causing cytotoxicity on pancreatic β-cells by inducing apoptosis through the JNK/ERK-mediated GSK-3 downstream-triggered mitochondria-dependent signaling pathway in RIN-m5F cells [1].
Etoposide (25 mg/kg) reduces tumor growth in a Ma human embryonal carcinoma mouse xenograft model [3]. Etoposide (10 mg/kg/day, i.v.) with ifosfamide and carboplatin, reduces the tumor volume in the hepatoblastoma cell injected NMRI nude mice [4].
Nuclear extracts are prepared, and nuclei are isolated. The activity of topoisomerase II is calculated from the percentage of decatenation obtained. Tritiated kinoplast DNA (KDNA 0.22 μg) is used as a substrate. Etoposide and topoisomerase II are incubated for 30 min at 37 ℃ and are stopped with 1% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and proteinase K (100 μg/mL). The percentages of decatenation and inhibition of topoisomerase II by Etoposide are obtained [5].
After the Etoposide treatment, cells are removed from the dish with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) containing 0.03% trypsin and 0.27 mM ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and are diluted into culture dishes in appropriate numbers to yield between 20 and 200 colonies. After 12 days, cultures are fixed with methanol-acetic acid, stained with crystal violet, and scored for colonies containing more than 50 cells [5].
The in vivo model for nude mice HB (NMHB) has been established. Only HB cells with embryonal components are grafted and reproduced successfully in this model. Each NMHB subsequently is transplanted into 50 mice for treatment groups. Treatment is initiated when the majority of the tumors reach a volume of 50-100 mm3. The mice are stratified according to their tumor volume and randomly assigned to groups of ten animals each. The animals injected with tumor are given ifosfamide, cisplatin, doxorubicin, etoposide (10 mg/kg/day, i.v.), and carboplatin as single agents in two blocks. One group of ten animals for each original xenograft served as a control group. After initiation of treatment, the tumor growth is recorded at 5-day intervals for 25-30 days and the relative tumor volumes are calculated. Twenty-four hours before the animals are sacrificed, bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) is injected intraperitoneally for the semiquantitative determination of proliferation activity of the tumor cells (50 μg of BrdU/g body weight) [4].
33419-42-0
C29H32O13
588.562
VP-16-213;依托泊苷;VP-16;依托泊甙;Etoposide
[1]Calvani M, det al. Etoposide-Bevacizumab a new strategy against human melanoma cells expressing stem-like traits. Oncotarget. 2016 Jun 9. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.9939.[2]Drevs J, et al. Antiangiogenic potency of various chemotherapeutic drugs for metronomic chemotherapy. Anticancer Res. 2004 May-Jun;24(3a):1759-63.[3]Weizhe Li, Hong-Yan Wang, Xiaolu Zhao, Hongguo Duan, Binghua Cheng, Yafei Liu, Mengjie Zhao et al. A methylation-phosphorylation switch determines Plk1 kinase activity and function in DNA damage repair [J]. Science Advances. 2019 Mar 6;5(3):eaau7566.[4]Chen GL, et al. Nonintercalative antitumor drugs interfere with the breakage-reunion reaction of mammalian DNA topoisomerase II. J Biol Chem. 1984 Nov 10;259(21):13560-6.[5]Osieka R, et al. Enhancement of etoposide-induced cytotoxicity by cyclosporin A. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 1986;18(3):198-202.[6]Ruan C, Wang C, Gong X, et al. An integrative multi-omics approach uncovers the regulatory role of CDK7 and CDK4 in autophagy activation induced by silica nanoparticles[J]. Autophagy. 2020.[7]Beauchesne P, et al. Etoposide sensitivity of radioresistant human glioma cell lines. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 1998;41(2):93-7.[8]Lee KI, et al. Etoposide induces pancreatic β-cells cytotoxicity via the JNK/ERK/GSK-3 signaling-mediated mitochondria-dependent apoptosis pathway. Toxicol In Vitro. 2016 Jul 26. pii: S0887-2333(16)30147-3.[9]Zhang J, Hirst A J, Duan F, et al. Darren Robinson, 3 Mark Jones, 2 Le Li, 4 Peizhe Wang, Peng Jiang, 4 Peter W. Andrews, 2 Ivana Barbaric, 2,* and Jie Na[J]. Anti-apoptotic Mutations Desensitize Human Pluripotent Stem Cells to Mitotic Stress and Enable Aneuploid Cell Survival. Stem Cell Reports.[10]Fuchs, J., et al. Comparative activity of cisplatin, ifosfamide, doxorubicin, carboplatin, and etoposide in heterotransplanted hepatoblastoma. Cancer, 1998. 83(11): p. 2400-7.
DMSO:58.9 mg/mL (100 mM)
Powder: -20°C for 3 years
In solvent: -80°C for 2 years
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