Cinaciguat (BAY 58-2667) is the first of a new class of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) activators in Clinicalal development for acute decompensated heart failure.
Cinaciguat (10 μM) significantly enhances intracellular cGMP generation while not having dose-dependent effects on cell contraction and calcium transients.
Cinaciguat (10 mg/kg/day, p.o.) treatment in diabetic rats does not influence blood glucose levels while leading to attenuated water intake. Cinaciguat treatment alleviates diabetes mellitus related oxidative stress, protects against DM related alteration of the NO-sGC-cGMP-PKG signalling, and alleviates DM related myocardium hypertrophy and apoptosis. Cinaciguat (1-10-100 nM) induces concentration-dependent relaxations in strips from both WT and apo-sGC mice, but does not have any effect on phasic activity induced by PGF2α in WT or apo-sGC strips.
HDAC Inhibition Assays: Purified HDACs are incubated with 1 mM carboxyfluorescein (FAM)-labeled acetylated peptide substrate and test compound for 17 h at 25 °C in HDAC assay buffer containing 100 mM HEPES (pH 7.5), 25 mM KCl, 0.1% BSA, and 0.01% Triton X-100. Reactions are terminated by the addition of buffer containing 0.078% SDS for a final SDS concentration of 0.05%. Substrate and product are separated electrophoretically using a Caliper LabChip 3000 system with blue laser excitation and green fluorescence detection (CCD2). The fluorescence intensity in the substrate and product peaks is determined using the Well Analyzer software on the Caliper system. The reactions are performed in duplicate for each sample. IC50 values are automatically calculated using the IDBS XLFit version 4.2.1 plug-in for Microsoft Excel and the XLFit 4-Parameter Logistic Model: ((A+((B_A)/1+((C/x)D)))), in which x is compound concentration, A and B are respectively the estimated minimum and maximum of percent inhibition, C is the inflection point, and D is the Hill slope of the sigmoidal curve. The standard errors of the IC50 values are automatically calculated using the IDBS XLFit version 4.2.1 plug-in for Microsoft Excel and the formula xf4_FitResultStdError.